Symptoms of Diabetes
Symptoms of diabetes can vary widely, but there are a few that seem to recur in many cases. These common symptoms include fatigue, unexplained weight loss, extreme thirst, excessive urination, infections, altered mental state, and blurry vision.
Effects of Diabetes
If a patient diagnosed with diabetes lets their glucose levels remain elevated for long periods of time, the excess blood sugar can have long term effects on the body. Some of these effects include kidney damage, vision problems, heart and circulation problems, and nerve damage.
Diabetes Treatment Options
Treatment begins with a change in the patient's diet and exercise regime. In many cases, simply supplementing with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, dairy products, and lean proteins as well as incorporating moderate exercise into the routine helps to bring glucose levels under control.
In addition, medications such as insulin secretagogues, meglitinides, insulin sensitizers, metformin, glucose absorption inhibitors, and biguanides are all effective at controlling diabetes in the cases of some patients. The most common treatment used is insulin injections. By supplementing the body with insulin, the patient is able to bypass the pancreas' natural function.